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10 fascinating facts about the Amazon rainforest

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The Amazon rainforest is one of the true wonders of the world. Hugely rich in natural life and biodiversity, it is still popular as ever as a travel destination. The rainforest is located in the Amazon basin. The name ‘Amazon’ derives from a war between Francisco de Orellana, the first European to travel the length of the Amazon river, and various South American tribes including the Tapuya of Brazil. The tribeswomen fought alongside the men, so Orellana called them Amazons after the fierce female warriors of Greek mythology.

"Tapuya men of North Eastern Brazil in war dance" Albert van der Eeckhout

“Tapuya men of North Eastern Brazil in war dance” Albert van der Eeckhout

Ten more fascinating facts about the Amazon rainforest

  • The Amazon rainforest is home to over two and a half million different species of insect, more than forty thousand varieties of plant, one and a half thousand bird species and over two thousand fish species.

  • At over five million square kilometers, the Amazon rainforest is the largest in the world.

  • Indeed, the Amazon rainforest is so large that it spans nine countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.

  • Very little sunlight makes it through the dense canopy of trees and foliage covering the Amazon rainforest. Down on the ground, it is nearly completely dark. In fact, if it started raining, it would take ten minutes before you even got wet!

The density of the Amazon rainforest

The density of the Amazon rainforest – http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

  • Many modern medicines derive from plants found in the rainforest, and this is just from the 1% that have been tested for medicinal properties. With more than forty thousand plant varieties found in the rainforest, the potential for finding new vaccines is enormous. Imagine the possibilities!

  • Most of our food originally comes from the rainforests of the Amazon. Amazon derived products include bananas, black pepper, chocolate, coffee, corn, pineapple, rice and tomatoes.

  • An estimated fifty tribes native to the Amazon rainforest have never had any contact with the rest of the world.

  • The Toucan, the loudest creature in the Amazon rainforest, can be heard from a distance of half a mile away.

Keel-billed Toucan

Keel-billed Toucan http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

  • Carnivores dangerous to humans living in the rainforest include Anacondas, Cougars and Jaguars. Be on your guard!

  • An estimated number of 2,700 million acres of the rainforest are burned each year.

The environmentDeforestation and climate change
There is a lot of ongoing debate about deforestation and climate change in the Amazon rainforest. There’s no doubt that deforestation is reducing the rainforest at an enormous rate, but by many accounts this has slowed down a lot in recent years. Some experts present a bleak picture, claiming that just a small increase in global temperature could destroy the majority of the rainforest within decades, but other expert studies indicate that things aren’t nearly as bad and that the rainforest is more resilient than previously thought.

Travel to the Amazon rainforest
Travel to the Amazon rainforest often comes in the form of ‘adventure holidays‘, for example kayaking or trekking – or as part of a larger tour of South America. You can experience the magic of the Amazon rainforest either via a group tour or customised trip with Viventura – check out our trip to Ecuador which includes a stay at an Amazon Rainforest Lodge.  Contact us now by email or telephone:

Toll Free US & Canada  1-888-238-1602
UK  (020) 3514 3192
Worldwide  1-813-579-3389

Get in touch and find out more about the experience of a lifetime!

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30 Responses to “10 fascinating facts about the Amazon rainforest”

  1. My Name is Megan O Hanlon, im 14 years old and own a blog encouraging people to help save the amazon Rainforest. I would love if you could check it out.

    Many thanks

    Megan O Hanlon

  2. Steve Grass says:

    Hi I think this is good

  3. becca says:

    wow I didn’t now the toucan was the loudest bird creature in the rainforest. btw names becca age 10 school topic the rain forest

  4. abigail says:

    really informative 5 stars good help for my homework xxxxx

  5. lottie oliver says:

    thx really helpful information

  6. meg milburn says:

    i think this 9is very usefull thank u

  7. rahul kamble says:

    i am very interesting about the amazon jungle and its biodiversity………………..and i want to realize all that things in real………………its unbelievable all the things which are present there

  8. Ravi says:

    A clear brief which could be easily understood by kids and the minimum facts one must know about Amazon rainforest -> http://bit.ly/1ww11k0

  9. Dhrita Baro says:

    This is interesting, though saddening to hear that one of the most interesting and life sustaining jungle can also not be spared from deforestation

  10. Yoda master says:

    great for homework!

  11. emma says:

    helped me with my homwork awesome !!!!!!!!!

  12. Bart says:

    I moved to the rainforest in Ecuador about a year ago. I teach science in a bilingual school. The deforestation numbers may be a little misleading. On our property we must cut back the plants and trees often. In as little as three months the grasses and trees are 4 meters high (13 feet.) Many people who live here use fire or machetes to cut down the trees and plants. It is an ongoing practice because things grow incredibly fast here. It’s like cutting you grass. How many millions of acres of grass are cut each year and thrown away in the US? It sounds bad, but it isn’t. It just grows back. Something to think about… Have a great day!

    • Pep Sarro says:

      Hi Bart,

      You are totally correct in your observation. It is something we believe in and take extremely seriously. For example, Viventura are currently in the process of purchasing a plot of land and rebuilding a forest in Ecuador to repay all of our CO2 emissions.

      As soon as the project takes off we will be sure to inform all of you about how it is going :)

      It really is something to think about and we are really glad that our readers are doing so!

      Have a great week!


  13. rosa says:

    WOW! thanks doing a school project

  14. Jack Paralta says:

    Is good

  15. swagger says:


  16. Millacent says:

    thanks, this was very informative. i am doing a school project on the amazon rainforest. this REALLY helped.

  17. Hi i am Habiba Zohair wow the ten facts about Amazon Rainforests are superb

  18. Zayn says:

    Thanks this helped a lot 5 star research

  19. sussan says:

    this really helped me with my homework

    THANX !

  20. sophia says:

    this was brillant thx for your help!!!

  21. Sassy says:

    Well in know what my model should be like thanks helped a lot!

  22. zarah says:

    hi my name zarah, I am 11 years old and I would like to be there.

    • Mariella says:

      This helped with my homework.they should totally make this site into a homework help site. Btw I am 13 in 9 days and this is for my geography homework!

  23. zlatan ibrahimovic says:

    thx for helpin me onma school project it really helped my group and i got an A :)

  24. zlatan ibrahimovic says:

    this really helped me and my group on the school project we got an A

  25. samsad says:

    hiee ..this website helped me in my school project ..well im 13 and this is really wonderful

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Born and bred in London, UK but is now based in Berlin, Alistair is Viventura's resident Englishman with responsibility for marketing to Viventura's English speaking customers. His professional ... Read Full

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